Student example

Really Basic Drawing Timeline adp/f08 (looking a bit funky as the tables didn't translate to the wiki)

This timeline is for you, to help you understand where drawing has come from and where it might head. It will be assessed with the rubric at the bottom of the document. Please answer, in the number of complete sentences that it takes, the questions in blue. Please paste images in the blank boxes.
Please print out document for me to assess when you are done. Completing this document is your homework for next Wednesday.


Possibly helpful links, although I easily found images for everything by googling on the web:
http://www.metmuseum.org/
http://www.mfa.org/
http://www.klimt.com/klimtmuseum_main.html
http://members.aol.com/dtrofatter/drawings.htm


20,000 BCE

Drawing starts somewhere around here, in some form, and is older than writing as we know it.


12,000 BCE
Lascaux Cave Drawings. In France, these are probably the most well-known early drawings.

Lascaux example Aboriginal example Native American example







Date of origin: Date of origin: Date of origin:
http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/lascaux/en/index3.html URL URL
Petroglyph: rock art that is carved into the rock
Pictographs: rock art that is painted onto the rock
5,000 BCE
Symbols with common meanings appeared in Mesopotamia, Indus Valley, Egypt and China.

Examples of ancient symbols with common meaning from Egypt: Examples of ancient symbols with common meaning from China or Mesopotamia:








Date or origin: Date of origin:
URL URL
Phonograms: visual representations of language sounds
Pictograms: visual representations of ideas, unrelated to language sounds

4,000 BCE: Why wouldn’t an Egyptian artist have understood our art of today (answers in reading)?

Characteristics of Egyptian Artists, 4,000 BCE Characteristics of Contemporary Western Artist, 2008
1.


2.

1.


2.

Example of Egyptian Idealism Example of Egyptian Idealism














URL URL


400 - 300 BCE : brief period of classical realism in Greece


Classical Greek Realism (sculpture or ceramics) Classical Greek Realism (sculpture or ceramics)












URL URL

Religion and Politics: Involvement in the creation of Art
The medieval artist was required to do what?
1.

2.

Why might we think it ironic that Cennino Cennini might have instructed artists to study only one master to assure “a manner individual to yourself.” ?



1300 CE Paper emerged in the West: Why was this important?



1400 CE The Renaissance: Three important factors that changed the role of art in society
1. Rethinking of Classical Art
2. Increased interest in science
3. Artistic patronage began to include wealthy members of church and state

A. Why was the Renaissance important to the growth of Artists?


B. How did the role of Drawing change at this time?


C. How did the figure come into play during the Renaissance?


Drawing (not painting) examples:

Michelangelo (1475 – 1564) Drawing Albrecht Durer (1471 – 1528) Drawing














Title: Title:
URL URL
Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519) Drawing Giorgio Vasari (1511 – 74) Drawing














Title: Title:
URL URL

Check this out!: http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2008/01/31/arts/0201-UFFIZI_index.html

D. How did interest in science affect drawing during the Renaissance?
















Examples of changing perspective:
Giotto (1266 – 1337) Painting (empiracal) Filippo Brunelleschi (1377 – 1446) Painting (linear)














Title: Title:
URL: URL:

Sketches are accepted as a form of Drawing

Pisanello (c. 1395 – 1455) Sketch Eugene Delacroix (1798 – 1863) Sketch














Title: Title:
URL URL


1500 ACADEMIES: The Renaissance equivalent of ART SCHOOL!!!
1. Taught anatomy, perspective and proportion
2. Drawing was taught in rigid fashion (painting and sculpture were still taught in studios with master artists):
a. students made copies of master drawings, then graduated to…
b. drawing from plaster casts, then graduated to…
c. drawing the figure from life

1700 ACADEMIES existed throughout Europe.
What changed at this time, despite the number of academies?



How did Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres and Gustave Courbet affect art at this time?
Example of Ingres (1780 – 1867) Example of Courbet (1819 – 77)














Title: Title:
URL: URL:

What did Egon Schiele and Gustav Klimt on one side of the Atlantic share with American Edward Hopper and Robert Henri?

Example of Egon Schiele (1890 – 1918) Example of Gustav Klimt (1862 – 1918)














Title: Title:
URL: URL:

Example of Edward Hopper (1882 – 1967) Example of Robert Henri (1865 – 1929)














Title: Title:
URL: URL:

1900 Big Changes happening in art, due mostly to societal changes and views of the world.
1919 The BAUHAUS school was established in Germany by Walter Gropius (1883 – 1969), and was influenced by the Art and Crafts movement.
Example of William Morris (1834 – 96) Example of Wassily Kandinsky (1886 – 1944)














Title: Title:
URL: URL:
What was the goal of the Art and Crafts movement?

Drawing paper became available in every possible size.
Media was used in new and varied ways.
How did we get from Van Gogh to Franz Kline?

Example of Vincent Van Gogh (1853 – 90) Example of Georges Seurat (1859 – 1991)














Title: Title:
URL: URL:
Example of Paul Cezanne (1839 – 1906) Example of Franz Kline (1910 – 1962)














Title: Title:
URL: URL:

All Works cited and all images contain a title if that can be found 20 pts.
All images accurate and not all the same as other students (hopefully chosen b/c you were compelled by the work) 40 pts.
All answers complete and thorough 40 pts.